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Red Fox

Named for their coloration they range from yellowish red to reddish brown with black legs and tail and an ashy belly. Mature foxes have yellow eyes and black noses. They are the largest of the Vulpes species with males being slightly larger than females.


Found throughout the northern hemisphere from the Arctic Circle to Central America. They have a varied habitat from tundra, forest, prairie, desert, mountains, farmlands, and urban areas. They remain in their same home ranges for life.


Weight: 6-30 lbs. Length: 18 to 35in.

  • A red fox’s tail is about one third of its length.  It is used as a warm cover in cold weather and as a signal flag to communicate with other foxes.
  • The male red fox is called a dog, while the female is called a vixen. A young fox is called either a ’Kit’, ’Pup’ or ’Cub’. A group of foxes is called a ’Skulk’.
  • Red foxes have large, upright ears and their hearing is so sharp that they can hear a watch ticking 40 yards away.
  • The red fox will continue to hunt even when its tummy is full. It stores the extra food under leaves, snow or dirt, to be eaten later.
  • They can jump up to 3 meters in the air.

Least Concern. Foxes help control pest populations such as rodents and rabbits. Foxes also help with the dispersal of seeds by eating fruit. They are threatened by humans hunting them for their fur and they are considered to be pests due to their taste for chicken.

Conservation Action:

Some subspecies are protected, but not on the species level. Hunting is regulated in most areas. Occur in many protected areas.

Please join our efforts to secure a future for this species by donating to our conservation fund.

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