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Chilean Flamingo

The Chilean Flamingo, is a striking bird species native to South America. Known for its vibrant pink plumage and distinctive downward-curved bill, the Chilean Flamingo is a captivating sight to behold. These social birds inhabit shallow lakes, lagoons, and coastal estuaries, where they feed on algae, crustaceans, and small invertebrates. Unfortunately, habitat loss and pollution pose significant threats to the survival of Chilean Flamingos in the wild.

Chilean flamingos are tall birds with small heads, long neck, and long thin legs with webbed toes. Their bills are white with black tips and specialized for filter feeding. The bill is bent in the middle, like a banana, with a small upper portion and large, trough-like lower portion. These flamingos have the distinct pink plumage, but most feathers are white with a pink tinge. Their primary and secondary wing feathers are black with red edges. Chilean flamingos have green-gray to light blue legs with swollen pink joints. Juveniles are gray and turn pink with time. Males tend to be larger than females.


Chilean flamingos are found from central Peru through the Andes and Uruguay to Tierra del Fuego. They live in warm, tropical areas along the coast and up into the Andes Mountains. They inhabit muddy, shallow alkaline and brackish lakes, mudflats, estuaries and lagoons.


Height: 2.5-4.75 feet, Wingspan: 4-5 feet. Weight: 5.5-7.75lbs.

  • Chilean flamingos don’t gain their pink plumage until they are two to three years old.
  • Crop milk is produced by a gland in the crop when special hormones become present in the adults after a chick hatches. The “milk” is mostly protein and fat with very little carbohydrates.
  • Flamingos will not breed if not the right shade of pink.
  • Chilean flamingos can eat up to 10% of their body weight per day.
  • One source states that the oldest known fossil of a primitive flamingo dates back to about 10 million years ago.
  • Chilean flamingos have been hard to classify. They are similar to storks, herons, waterfowl and waders.
  • You are what you eat! Flamingos owe their pink coloration to the carotenoids in the food that they eat.

Chilean Flamingos face significant conservation challenges due to habitat loss, pollution, and human disturbance throughout their range in South America. Wetland degradation, urbanization, and agricultural expansion have resulted in the loss of important feeding and breeding habitats for these iconic birds. Additionally, pollution from industrial activities and agricultural runoff threatens the quality of their aquatic habitats, affecting their food sources and overall health. Conservation efforts aimed at protecting Chilean Flamingos include habitat restoration, wetland conservation, and public education on the importance of preserving these charismatic birds and their ecosystems.

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